Before SMITH, KAUFMAN and MARSHALL, Circuit Judges.
KAUFMAN, Circuit Judge: In a seemingly endless series of diffuse complaints, filed in both state and federal courts, plaintiff-appellant Dave Fleischer has alleged that Paramount Pictures Corporation and its co-defendants have deprived him of his proper share of the proceeds to various motionpicture cartoons. The present action, seeking an accounting, was originally filed in October of 1957; an amended complaint, adding a cause of action for alleged antitrust violations, was served the following month. In July of 1959, Judge Palmieri dismissed the antitrust claim, and refused to permit Fleischer to appear in the capacity of "receiver" of Fleischer Studios, Inc., a long defunct Florida corporation, 180 F.Supp. 717 (S.D.N.Y. 1959); plaintiff's second amended complaint, once again requesting an accounting, was finally dismissed on a motion for summary judgment by Chief Judge Ryan in September of 1963. 222 F.Supp. 40 (S.D.N.Y. 1963).
Apart from the merits of Fleischer's claims, several factors justify the dismissals below, which are hereby affirmed.*fn1 When the conclusory allegations of the complaints are pierced, be they characterized as "antitrust" or "accounting" claims, it becomes apparent that plaintiff is simply asserting that Paramount has violated the express or implied terms of a 1941 contract. And since that agreement was not with Fleischer individually, but with Fleischer Studios, Inc., it is equally clear that Fleischer may not secure a personal recovery for an alleged wrong done to his corporation. While plaintiff attempts to invoke his status as "trustee in dissolution" or "receiver" of the corporation, he is nonetheless barred. Under Florida law, corporate claims not dealing with Florida real estate abate three years after the corporation is dissolved, Fla. Stat. Ann . §§ 608.29, 608.30 (1961); Walder v. Paramount Publix Corp ., 132 F.Supp. 912, 917-19 (S.D.N.Y. 1955), and the present suit was filed more than eleven years after the demise of Fleischer Studios.
Although it is not necessary to consider the point, most if not all of Fleischer's allegations are also foreclosed to him on grounds of collateral estoppel. The rights and obligations of Paramount under the 1941 contract, as well as Fleischer's inability to recover for injuries suffered by his corporation, issues central to the instant case, were determined adversely to the plaintiff by the New York State courts in Fleischer v. W.P.I.X., Inc ., 30 Misc. 2d 17, 213 N.Y.S. 2d appeals dismissed, 14 App. Div. 2d 846 (1961), appeals dismissed, 11 N.Y. 2d 876, 227 N.Y.S. 2d 913, appeals dismissed, 371 U.S. 16 (1962). Although Paramount was not a party to the New York litigation, both this court and the New York Court of Appeals permit a prior judgment to be invoked defensively as against the unsuccessful party in the prior action, where the issues are the same and have been fully litigated. Zdanok v. The Glidden Co ., 327 F.2d 944 (2nd Cir. 1964); First Congregational Church v. Evangelical & Reformed Church, 305 F.2d 724 (2nd Cir. 1962); Israel v. Wood Dolson Co., 1 N.Y. 2d 116, 151 N.Y.S. 2d 1 (1962).*fn2
Although critical of Fleischer's attorney, Chief Judge Ryan denied Paramount's motion for an allowance of $15,000 counsel fees, and Paramount has filed a cross-appeal from his decision in this regard. While the conduct of Fleischer's counsel was properly disapproved, we affirm Judge Ryan's refusal to tax Fleischer with Paramount's attorneys' fees. American courts have traditionally refused to include counsel fees in a losing party's bill of costs, except in the most extraordinary of instances, and have virtually never awarded such fees in an action at law. Every litigant, regardless of the seeming frivolity of his claims, is ...