United States District Court, D. Connecticut
RULING ON MOTION TO QUASH
WILLIAM I. GARFINKEL United States Magistrate Judge
This is a civil rights action brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff alleges, as relevant here, that Connecticut State Police (“CSP”) Officer Michael R. Beauton used his police dog excessively and maliciously while effecting a motor vehicle stop, detention, and arrest of Plaintiff on January 18, 2014. On November 9, 2015, Plaintiff served a subpoena duces tecum on non-party Connecticut Police Commissioner Dora B. Schriro (the “Commissioner”) requesting the production of four categories of documents. Now before the Court is the Commissioner’s Motion to Quash [Doc. # 42].
Plaintiff’s subpoena seeks the production of four groupings of documents:
1. A full and complete copy of each and every document in existence and in effect as of January 18, 2014, constituting or containing statements of policy or procedure, rules, regulations, guidelines, directions, orders, training manuals, classroom handouts, or any other writings of any kind whatsoever, governing the training, handling, deployment and use of police dogs by members of the Connecticut State Police;
2. A full and complete copy of each and every incident report, existing in each and every closed case of the Connecticut Department of Public Safety, Connecticut State Police, other than the report(s) generated in closed case file CFS No. 1400034410, wherein it was reported that a state police-certified dog handler, during the period of January 1, 2010 to present, ever utilized his trained police dog as a means of removing an arrestee (or detainee) from a motor vehicle during the course of making a motor vehicle stop and arrest of said arrestee/detainee;
3. A full and complete copy of each and every incident report, existing in each and every closed case of the Connecticut Department of Public Safety, Connecticut State Police, other than the report(s) in closed file CFS 1400034410, for the period of January 1, 2010 to present, wherein it was reported that a certain State Trooper/Dog Handler named MICHAEL BEAUTON used any trained police dog, including but not limited to a certain police dog named “Nero, ” No. 9085, to assist himself or other officers in effecting any arrest or detention in any matter.
4. A full and complete copy of each and every document in the custody of the Connecticut Department of Public Safety, Connecticut State Police, constituting policies, procedures, guidelines, orders, or any other written document, governing or pertaining to police motor vehicle pursuits by members of the state police.
The Commissioner requests the Court quash the subpoena on the grounds that it places an undue burden and expense upon the Commissioner. Specifically, she argues that Requests 2 and 3 would require “one dedicated staff member for a duration of one to two years to complete.” [Doc. # 42-2, Affidavit of Cynthia M. Powell, Office Supervisor/Records Management Liaison Officer]. With respect to Requests 1 and 4, the Commissioner argues that they are overbroad and seek information not relevant to Plaintiff’s claims against Officer Beauton, particularly since Plaintiff has not brought a claim against the State of Connecticut in this matter.
Plaintiff’s thorough - and persuasive - opposition to the Motion to Quash argues that the documents sought in Requests 2 and 3 are neither too broad nor too burdensome because reporting requirements built into the CSP reporting system will make it relatively easy to identify, review, and produce responsive documents. He further argues that the documents sought in Requests 2 and 3 are relevant because he has good reason to believe the manner in which Officer Beauton used the police dog was so inappropriate that no other reports will show such use, and this is germane to the reasonableness of Officer Beauton’s behavior and to the qualified immunity defense Officer Beauton raises.
As to Request 1, the Commissioner’s motion states that CSP will provide certain responsive documents to Plaintiff. Plaintiff seeks clarification that the documents to be produced amount to full compliance with the request. Finally, as to Request 4, Plaintiff argues that responsive documents are relevant to the reasonableness of Officer Beauton’s conduct: they will provide context for how Officer Beauton acted in relation to how the rules and regulations say CSP officers should act.
Pursuant to Rule 45, any party may serve a subpoena commanding a non-party to “produce designated documents.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 45(a)(1)(A)(iii). Rule 45 subpoenas are subject to the relevance requirements set forth in Rule 26(b). See Fed.R.Civ.P. 45 Advisory Committee Notes to 1970 Amendment (“the scope of discovery through a subpoena is the same as that applicable to Rule 34 and the other discovery rules”). “Although a subpoena may be quashed if it calls for clearly irrelevant matter, the district judge need not pass on the admissibility of the documents sought in advance of trial nor quash a subpoena demanding their production if there is any ground on which they might be relevant.” 9A Wright & Miller, Fed. Prac. & Proc. Civ. § 2459 (3d ed.).
Rule 45(d)(3)(A) provides that “on timely motion, the court by which a subpoena was issued shall quash or modify the subpoena if it ... (iv) subjects a person to undue burden.” The movant bears the burden of persuasion in a motion to quash a subpoena. The Travelers Indemnity Company v. Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 228 F.R.D. 111, 113 (D. Conn. 2005). When evaluating undue burden, a court must weigh the burden to the subpoenaed party against the value of information to the serving party. Id. Whether a subpoena imposes an “undue burden depends on such factors as relevance, the need of the party for the documents, the breadth of the document request, the time period covered by it, the particularity with which the documents are described and the burden imposed.” Id. (internal quotation marks omitted). “The determination of issues of burden and reasonableness is committed to the sound ...