United States District Court, D. Connecticut
RULING ON PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION [Doc. #91]
SARAH A. L. MERRIAM, Magistrate Judge.
Pending before the Court is a motion by plaintiff Antonia Torcasio ("plaintiff") seeking reconsideration of the Court's Ruling on Motions to Compel [Doc. #76] with respect to plaintiff's interrogatory requests 19, 20, 21 and request for production 3. [Doc. #91]. Defendant Bruce Gluck ("Gluck") objects to plaintiff's motion. [Doc. #95]. For the reasons articulated below, the Court DENIES plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration of Order on Motion to Compel. [Doc. #91].
The Court presumes familiarity with the factual background of this matter, which is recited in the Court's Ruling on Motions to Compel. See Doc. #76. For purposes of this Ruling, however, the Court will briefly address the background leading to the present motion for reconsideration.
On December 2, 2015, plaintiff filed a motion seeking an order compelling Gluck to respond to numerous discovery requests. [Doc. #55]. As relevant here, plaintiff sought an order compelling Gluck to respond to three interrogatories (numbers 19, 20, 21) and one request for production (number 3), all regarding Gluck's prescribed medication and the names of the physicians with whom he was treating. [Doc. #55-2 at 3-4, 6].
The Court denied plaintiff's motion to compel with respect to these discovery requests for several reasons. First, the Court sustained Gluck's objections that these particular discovery requests were not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. [Doc. #76 at 11]. The Court also rejected plaintiff's argument that the "medication issue" was "akin to a defense" because Gluck had not raised it as a defense, and it was unclear how Gluck's alleged medical condition could serve as a defense in light of the time frame of the alleged misconduct. Id. at 12. In that regard, the Court found that the deposition testimony submitted in support of the motion to compel established that Gluck's medication issue was relevant to his conduct for only a one week period in 2010, which largely predated the alleged timeframe of Gluck's alleged misconduct. Id. at 13. Therefore, the Court found that the issues surrounding Gluck's medication for that period were not material, and that Gluck's privacy concerns outweighed the potential relevance of the information sought. Id.
Plaintiff now seeks reconsideration of that portion of the Ruling on Motions to Compel pertaining to the medication issue on the grounds that new evidence, namely Gluck's December 17, 2015, deposition transcript, which was not available at the time of the filing of the motion to compel, undermines the Court's Ruling. See Doc. #91. The Court will further address the parties' arguments below.
B. Legal Standard
"The standard for granting [a motion for reconsideration] is strict, and reconsideration will generally be denied unless the moving party can point to controlling decisions or data that the court overlooked - matters, in other words, that might reasonably be expected to alter the conclusion reached by the court." Shrader v. CSX Transp., Inc., 70 F.3d 255, 257 (2d Cir. 1995). Three grounds can justify reconsideration "an intervening change of controlling law, the availability of new evidence, or the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice." Virgin Atl. Airways, Ltd. v. Nat'l Mediation Bd., 956 F.2d 1245, 1255 (2d Cir. 1992) (quoting 18 C. Wright, A. Miller & E. Cooper, Federal Practice & Procedure §4478 at 90). "A motion for reconsideration may not be used to plug gaps in an original argument or to argue in the alternative once a decision has been made.... It is also not appropriate to use a motion to reconsider solely to re-litigate an issue already decided." SPGGC, Inc. v. Blumenthal, 408 F.Supp.2d 87, 91-92 (D. Conn. 2006) (citing Lopez v. Smiley, 375 F.Supp.2d 19, 21-22 (D. Conn. 2005) (internal citation and quotation marks omitted)), aff'd in part, vacated in part, remanded sub nom. SPGGC, LLC v. Blumenthal, 505 F.3d 183 (2d Cir. 2007).
Plaintiff asserts two arguments in support of her motion for reconsideration, to which Gluck has objected. The Court will address each argument in turn.
Plaintiff first contends that Gluck's December 17, 2015, deposition testimony undermines the Court's observation, based on the evidence presented previously, that Gluck's medication issue apparently lasted for only one week's time. [Doc. #91-1 at 2-3]. Specifically, plaintiff points to various excerpts of Gluck's December 17, 2015, deposition for the proposition that his medication issue lasted from as early as 2009 to December 2010, meaning that contrary to the Court's observation that the evidence suggested this issue had a one-week impact, the medication issue in fact lasted up to two years. [Doc. #91-1 at 3]. Gluck's response is twofold. First, Gluck contends that plaintiff is merely trying to reargue that the information sought is relevant and reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible information. [Doc. #95 at 2]. Second, Gluck contends that the December 17, 2015, deposition transcript is not in fact "new evidence" in light of plaintiff's statement that Gluck testified similarly at his 2014 deposition. Id. at 3. Gluck further submits that his counsel received the transcript of Gluck's December 17, 2015, deposition on January 5, 2016, well before the Court's January 25, 2016, Ruling on Motions to Compel. Id.
The Court is hard-pressed to find that testimony offered at a December 17, 2015, deposition, at which plaintiff's counsel was in attendance, and which was (according to plaintiff) consistent with testimony offered in 2014, constitutes "new evidence" in regard to a ruling issued on January 25, 2016. If plaintiff's counsel felt that the December 17, 2015, deposition testimony was relevant to the arguments raised in the motion to compel, counsel should have alerted the Court to that fact while the motion was pending. Even assuming, however, that the December 17, 2015, deposition testimony is properly considered "newly discovered evidence, " plaintiff's argument still misses the mark.
As set forth in the Ruling on Motions to Compel, the time frame at issue in plaintiff's Complaint ranges from, at a minimum, January 2010, through the date of the complaint, January 12, 2015. See Doc. #76 at 12 (citing Doc. #1, Compl., at ¶¶13, 28). Accordingly, out of at least five years at issue in this case, per plaintiff's arguments, Gluck's medication issue endured for no more than one year (January 2010 to December 2010). As noted in the Court's prior ruling, plaintiff does not contend that Gluck's behavior improved after 2010. Even if Gluck was on some kind of medication throughout 2010, and that medication was changed, if his behavior did not change after that, and instead continued unabated through at least 2015, the plaintiff's interest in exploring the details of that medication is still not sufficiently compelling to overcome Gluck's interest in maintaining the privacy of his medical records. See E.E.O.C. v. Nichols Gas & Oil, Inc., 256 F.R.D. 114, 122 (W.D.N.Y. 2009) ("Rule 26(c) authorizes the court to fashion a set of limitations that allows as much relevant information to be discovered as possible, while preventing unnecessary intrusions into the legitimate interests - including privacy and other confidentiality interests - that might be harmed by the release of the ...