Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Rodriguez v. Colvin

United States District Court, D. Connecticut

August 3, 2016



          Hon. Sarah A. L. Merriam United States Magistrate Judge.

         On November 1, 2011, plaintiff, Zulma Rodriguez (“plaintiff”) applied for supplemental security income benefits claiming that she had been disabled since March 22, 2011. (Certified Transcript of the Record, Compiled on August 8, 2015, (hereinafter “Tr.”) Tr. 235-44). Following a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”), the ALJ denied plaintiff benefits on January 31, 2014. (Tr. 8-31). After exhausting her administrative remedies, plaintiff filed the Complaint in this case on July 7, 2015. [Doc. #1]. On October 21, 2015, the Commissioner filed her Answer and the official transcript. [Doc. #13]. Following an extension of time [Doc. #20], on January 29, 2016, plaintiff filed her Motion to Reverse or Remand the Decision of the Commissioner (“Motion to Reverse”), along with a supporting memorandum [Doc. #21]. On February 1, 2016, plaintiff filed her Statement of Material Facts. [Doc. #24].[1] On March 29, 2016, the Commissioner, with the consent of plaintiff, filed a Motion for Entry of Judgment Under Sentence Four of 42 U.S.C. §405(g) with Reversal and Remand of the Cause to Defendant (“Consent Motion to Remand”). [Doc. #29]. The Consent Motion to Remand recognized that “additional administrative action is warranted to remedy the errors in the ALJ's decision.” Id. at 1. On April 11, 2016, the undersigned issued a Recommended Ruling granting the Consent Motion to Remand, and finding as moot, plaintiff's Motion to Reverse. [Doc. #31]. On April 14, 2016, Chief Judge Janet C. Hall affirmed, adopted and ratified the Recommended Ruling. [Doc. #32]. Judgment was entered on April 14, 2016. [Doc. #33] .

         On July 5, 2016, plaintiff filed an application for attorney's fees together with a memorandum in support, affidavits, and a time sheet. [Doc. #34]. The Commissioner has not filed an opposition. For the reasons set forth herein, plaintiff's Application and Affidavit for Attorney's Fees Under 28 U.S.C. Sec. 2412 [Doc. #34] is GRANTED, in part, in the amount of $8, 660.64.


         A party who prevails in a civil action against the United States may seek an award of fees and costs under the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA” or the “Act”), 28 U.S.C. §2412, the purpose of which is “to eliminate for the average person the financial disincentive to challenging unreasonable government actions.” Commissioner, I.N.S. v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 163 (1990) (citing Sullivan v. Hudson, 490 U.S. 877, 883 (1989)). In order for an award of attorney's fees to enter, this Court must find (1) that the plaintiff is a prevailing party, (2) that the Commissioner's position was without substantial justification, (3) that no special circumstances exist that would make an award unjust, and (4) that the fee petition was filed within thirty days of final judgment. See 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(1)(B).

         Plaintiff seeks fees in the amount of $11, 300.72, representing 58 hours of attorney time at the rate of $194.84 per hour. It is plaintiff's burden to establish entitlement to a fee award, and the Court has the discretion to determine what fee is “reasonable.” Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433, 437 (1983) (interpreting 42 U.S.C. §1988, which allows a “prevailing party” to recover “a reasonable attorney's fee as part of the costs”).[2] This Court has a duty to review plaintiff's itemized time log to determine the reasonableness of the hours requested and to exclude hours “that are excessive, redundant, or otherwise unnecessary[.]” Id. at 434. “Determining a 'reasonable attorney's fee' is a matter that is committed to the sound discretion of a trial judge.” J.O. v. Astrue, No. 3:11CV1768(DFM), 2014 WL 1031666, at *1 (D. Conn. Mar. 14, 2014) (quoting Perdue v. Kenny A., 559 U.S. 542, 558 (2010)).

         “Courts throughout the Second Circuit have consistently found that routine Social Security cases require, on average, between [twenty] and [forty] hours of attorney time to prosecute.” Poulin v. Astrue, No. 3:10CV1930(JBA)(JGM), 2012 WL 264579, at *3 (D. Conn. Jan. 27, 2012)(citations & internal quotation marks omitted); Cobb v. Astrue, No. 3:08CV1130(MRK)(WIG), 2009 WL 2940205, at *3 (D. Conn. Sept. 2, 2009).

         Here, the Court finds that plaintiff has satisfied the requirements of 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(1)(B), and that an award of fees may enter. Specifically, the Court finds that: (1) plaintiff is a prevailing party because the Court granted the Commissioner's Consent Motion to Remand and ordered a remand of this matter for further administrative proceedings; (2) the Commissioner's position was without substantial justification; (3) on the current record, no special circumstances exist that would make an award unjust; and (4) the fee petition was timely filed.[3] 28 U.S.C. §2412(d)(1)(B). The Court next turns to the reasonableness of the fees sought.

         In this case, plaintiff's counsel seeks reimbursement for a total of 58 hours, at the rate of $194.84 per hour. [Doc. #34 at 2].[4] Although the transcript in this case was comprised of an enormous 4, 502 pages, the Court finds that a reduction in fees is warranted. The Court first addresses the time expended summarizing the administrative record, preparing the proposed factual stipulation, and preparing the memorandum of law - totaling 42.2 hours.

         The Court first notes that counsel for plaintiff represented plaintiff during the administrative proceedings, and therefore should have had at least a working knowledge of the administrative record. See Tr. 14 (ALJ decision noting that plaintiff was represented by Attorney Meryl Ann Spat); Tr. 32 (appearances at administrative hearing include Attorney Meryl Ann Spat). Plaintiff's counsel also has extensive experience in this area of the law. See Doc. #34-1 (listing 77 cases in which counsel has represented plaintiffs in civil actions in this court). Further, although plaintiff's counsel submitted a thorough and well-reasoned brief, the issues raised therein are not overly complex or novel. Additionally, a significant portion of the memorandum appears to incorporate the medical chronology contained in plaintiff's statement of material facts. Accordingly, the Court finds these factors warrant a reduction in the time spent by counsel on her efforts summarizing the administrative record, preparing the proposed factual stipulation, and preparing the memorandum of law. Cf. Rodriguez v. Astrue, No. 3:08CV154(JCH)(HBF), 2009 WL 6319262, at *3 (D. Conn. Sept. 3, 2009) (“Relevant factors to weigh include the size of the administrative record, the complexity of the factual is reasonable. and legal issues involved, counsel's experience, and whether counsel represented the claimant during the administrative proceedings.”) (internal quotations & multiple citations omitted), approved in relevant part, 3:08CV154(JCH), 2010 WL 1286895 (D. Conn. Mar. 29, 2010). Therefore, the Court will reduce plaintiff's counsel's time for these efforts by two (2) hours.

         Also warranting a reduction in time is what the Court perceives to be duplicative billing. For example, on January 4, 2016, plaintiff's counsel billed eight (8) hours to: “Read review Selian et al, review/search current case law; review and summarize impossible volume of evidence to detail and identify all salient portions of transcript; drafting of memorandum.” [Doc. #34-2 at 2]. In days prior, however, counsel billed for 22.5 hours reviewing and summarizing the administrative record for purposes of drafting the stipulation of facts. Id. at 1. The Court finds that the work performed on January 4, 2016, is duplicative of that performed on December 31, 2015, and January 1 and 3, 2016, and that this also warrants a slight reduction in time. Accordingly, the Court will reduce plaintiff's counsel's time by two (2) hours.

         Further warranting a reduction in counsel's time is what appears to be a duplicative billing entry. On January 5, 2016, plaintiff's counsel billed seven (7) hours for the “Drafting of memorandum of law.” [Doc. #34-2 at 2]. On this same date, she billed four (4) hours, for the very same task. Id. Accordingly, the Court will reduce plaintiff's counsel's time by four (4) hours on the basis that the record supports a finding that such hours were duplicative of other work performed on the file.

         Next, plaintiff's counsel billed .5 hours for “Estimated time for correspondence/discussion regarding fees for EAJA in absence of necessity for court ruling.” [Doc. #34-2 at 2]. The date for this entry is “8/?/16.” The Court will not award time that has not actually been spent on the file, and therefore, a further reduction of .5 hours is also warranted.

         The Court also finds that a reduction in time is warranted for the time billed on April 15, 2016, for “Memorandum of Law Reviewed.” Id. As of April 15, 2016, the undersigned had issued a Recommended Ruling, which was adopted in an endorsement order by Judge Hall. It is hard for the Court to discern what memorandum of law was reviewed at this stage of the proceedings. However, giving plaintiff's counsel the benefit of the doubt that she was in fact reviewing the two-page Recommended Ruling and related docket entries, the Court will not entirely deduct this time, but will instead reduce it by .6 hours. See Ryan v. Allied Interstate, Inc.,882 F.Supp.2d 628, 636 ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.