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Riddick v. Maurer

United States District Court, D. Connecticut

December 22, 2016

KATHY MAURER, et al., Defendants.



         Jerome Riddick, currently confined at Northern Correctional Institution in Somers, Connecticut, filed this case pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Riddick alleges that the defendants have been deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs. Riddick names as defendants Director of Health Services Kathy Maurer, former Warden Edward Maldonado, Warden William Mulligan, Health Services Administrator Brien Libel, Dr. Carson Wright, Nurse Vikki Scruggs, Nurse Barbra Savoie and Nurse Ellen Durko.[1] The complaint was filed on December 8, 2016. Riddick's motion to proceed in forma pauperis was granted on December 15, 2016.

         Under section 1915A of Title 28 of the United States Code, I must review prisoner civil complaints and dismiss any portion of the complaint that is frivolous or malicious, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. Although detailed allegations are not required, the complaint must include sufficient facts to afford the defendants fair notice of the claims and the grounds upon which they are based and to demonstrate a plausible claim to relief. Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007). Conclusory allegations are not sufficient. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). The plaintiff must plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. Nevertheless, it is well-established that “[p]ro se complaints ‘must be construed liberally and interpreted to raise the strongest arguments that they suggest.'” Sykes v. Bank of Am., 723 F.3d 399, 403 (2d Cir. 2013) (quoting Triestman v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 470 F.3d 471, 474 (2d Cir. 2006)); see also Tracy v. Freshwater, 623 F.3d 90, 101-02 (2d Cir. 2010) (discussing special rules of solicitude for pro se litigants).

         I. Allegations

         On January 22, 2016, Riddick was diagnosed with degenerative disc and joint disease in his neck and shoulders. He also was diagnosed with “curvilinear 1.5 cm metal density overlies the medial superior scapula spine” in both shoulders and “linear 1.2 cm metal density to the left manubrium sternum.” ECF No. 1, ¶ 11. On August 19, 2016, Riddick was diagnosed with a serious hip issue, and on November 8, 2016, with sciatic nerve syndrome. In addition, Riddick has been diagnosed with myopia and astigmatism in both eyes with his right eye deteriorating faster than his left.

         As a result of these conditions, Riddick experiences severe pain in three parts of his spine every day; muscle spasms, numbness, tingling and pain in his left shoulder frequently throughout the day; muscle spasms, tingling and pain in his left hip, left lower back and left knee frequently throughout the day; a combination of sharp, stabbing and throbbing pains that travel down his left arm and left leg including his hand and foot frequently throughout each day; and multiple pinched nerves in his neck and shoulder area that cause extreme pain and limited mobility several times per month. Riddick's pain causes him limited mobility and he can no longer see from his right eye. Although Riddick has been prescribed glasses, he cannot wear them because the strain to his right eye causes him to experience “painful knife-like slices” to his eye. Id., ¶ 23. In addition, the glasses dull and narrow his vision and make objects appear smaller than they are.

         Riddick cannot see a doctor without first seeing a nurse. Defendants Nurses Scruggs, Savoie and Durko have been delaying his scheduled appointments. Defendants Maurer, Libel and Wright have denied Riddick an MRI to diagnose his neck, back, hip, shoulder, arm, leg, and neurological or neuromuscular pain. Defendants Libel, Wright, Scruggs, Savoie and Durko have delayed neck, back, shoulder and hip x-rays for weeks and months. They also have delayed Riddick's ability to have x-rays taken of his spine. Defendants Maurer, Libel and Wright have denied and delayed corrective eye surgery.

         On March 28, 2016, and May 23, 2016, defendants Maldonado and Mulligan denied Riddick a proper mattress. Since his arrival at Northern Correctional Institution, Riddick has had a worn, thin and torn mattress. The mattress is so thin that Riddick feels as if he is lying on the metal bed without any mattress. Defendants Maldonado and Mulligan state that there is no evidence that the mattress did not meet proper standards when it was issued to Riddick. Although the mattress exacerbated Riddick's neck, back, hip and shoulder conditions and causes him to experience muscle spasms and pinched nerves, defendants Wright, Scruggs, Savoie and Durko tell Riddick that mattress issues are a custody concern and that the medical unit does not provide medical mattresses.

         All of the defendants were provided Riddick's medical records upon admission and, thus, were aware of his medical needs. Defendants Maurer, Libel, Wright, Scruggs, Savoie and Durko know that x-rays will not show neurological or neuromuscular conditions, and that an MRI is required for proper diagnosis. All defendants were aware that a flat mattress would exacerbate Riddick's medical conditions. Defendants Maurer, Libel and Wright know that Riddick's eyes will continue to deteriorate unless he is provided surgery.

         II. Analysis

         Riddick contends that the defendants have been deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs. In addition to damages and permanent injunctive relief, Riddick has filed a motion for temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction seeking an x-ray, MRI, and a medical mattress or adequate mattress. In his supporting memorandum, Riddick also seeks eye surgery. Thus, he seeks all of the injunctive relief requested in the complaint through this motion.

         To state a claim for deliberate indifference to a serious medical need, Riddick must show both that his medical need was serious and that the defendants acted with a sufficiently culpable state of mind. See Smith v. Carpenter, 316 F.3d 178, 184 (2d Cir. 2003) (citing Estelle v. Gamble, 492 U.S. 97, 104 (1976)). There are both objective and subjective components to the deliberate indifference standard. See Hathaway v. Coughlin, 37 F.3d 63, 66 (2d Cir. 1994). Objectively, the alleged deprivation must be “sufficiently serious.” Wilson v. Seiter, 501 U.S. 294, 298 (1991). The condition must produce death, degeneration or extreme pain. See Hathaway v. Coughlin, 99 F.3d 550, 553 (2d Cir. 1996). Subjectively, the defendants must have been actually aware of a substantial risk that the inmate would suffer serious harm as a result of his actions or inactions. See Salahuddin v. Goord, 467 F.3d 262, 279-80 (2d Cir. 2006). Negligence that would support a claim for medical malpractice does not rise to the level of deliberate indifference and is not cognizable under section 1983. See Id. Nor does a difference of opinion regarding what constitutes an appropriate response and treatment constitute deliberate indifference. See Ventura v. Sinha, 379 F. App'x 1, 2-3 (2d Cir. 2010); Chance v. Armstrong, 143 F.3d 698, 702 (2d Cir. 1998). Although a disagreement over treatment is not cognizable under section 1983, the treatment actually given must be adequate. See Chance, 143 F.3d at 703.

         Complaints of severe back pain and degenerative vision can constitute serious medical needs. See, e.g., Guarneri v. Hazzard, 2008 WL 552872, at *6 (W.D.N.Y. Feb. 27, 2008) (“[s]evere back pain, especially if lasting an extended period of time, can amount to a serious medical need under the Eighth Amendment”); Faraday v, Lantz, 2005 WL 3465846, at *5 (D. Conn. Dec. 12, 2005) (lower back pain caused by herniated discs and sciatica constitute a serious medical need); Davidson v. Scully, 155 F.Supp.2d 77, 87 (S.D.N.Y. 2001) (noting that where vision will degenerate in the absence of corrective glasses, need for vision correction can be a serious medical need). Thus, Riddick has alleged facts to support the objective component of the deliberate indifference test at this stage of litigation.

         Riddick alleges that the defendants have denied him appropriate treatment for his various medical conditions. Riddick fails to allege what treatment is being provided for his various conditions. Riddick has attached to his complaint a November 23, 2016 letter and a November inmate request stating that following examination in September 2016, an optometrist determined that Riddick's vision was correctable to 20/70 with conventional eyeglasses and that no corrective surgery was required. ECF No. 1-1 at 24, 25. There is no reference to Riddick's allegations of severe pain while wearing glasses. Riddick also has provided copies of inmate requests showing that he has been ...

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