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Doe v. Hotchkiss School

United States District Court, D. Connecticut

July 24, 2018

JOHN DOE, Plaintiff,



         John Doe (“Plaintiff”) has sued The Hotchkiss School (“Defendant” or “Hotchkiss”) for, among other things, negligence and fraudulent concealment of severe sexual abuse.

         Mr. Doe seeks a supplemental privilege log from Hotchkiss that sets out specific information for each item currently withheld from production on the basis of privilege, e.g., its author, recipient, creation date or receipt date, among various other characteristics.

         For the reasons that follow, the Court ORDERS that Hotchkiss provide to the Court the disputed documents for in camera review.

         Mr. Doe sued Hotchkiss in February 2015. ECF No. 1. The parties have since been engaged in a lengthy and fraught course of discovery, which has yet to conclude.

         Approximately one year after Mr. Doe sued Hotchkiss, Hotchkiss's outside counsel, Wiggin & Dana LLP, retained Carlton Fields to conduct an investigation of reports of sexual misconduct by members of the Hotchkiss faculty and staff.

         On February 7, 2018, Mr. Doe served a subpoena on Carlton Fields seeking “[a]ll communications, statements, or information received in connection with the ‘independent investigation' concerning reports of sexual misconduct and/or inappropriate ‘hazing' behavior towards any Hotchkiss student or employee that occurred prior to April 8, 1987.” Hotchkiss moved for a protective order or to quash the subpoena Mr. Doe served on Carlton Fields. See Hotchkiss School v. Doe, 3:18-mc-00037 (VAB), ECF No. 15.

         After considering oral and written submissions from the parties, on May 9, 2018, the Court issued an Order directing the parties to:

submit jointly a stipulation providing for the production of: (a) documents related to and prepared during the relevant time period for Mr. Doe's lawsuit and in the possession of the law firm of Carlton Field as a result of its pending investigation of sexual misconduct at Hotchkiss prompted by this litigation; and (b) a privilege log accounting for and describing any other material or information sought by Mr. Doe but claimed by Hotchkiss to be protected by the attorney-client privilege, the work product doctrine, or any other relevant privilege, including, but not limited to, the names, dates, or any other identifying information of witnesses probative of Mr. Doe's case, consistent with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5).

         ECF No. 176.

         On June 22, 2018, the parties jointly moved for a discovery conference to address a lingering dispute between the parties over (1) the sufficiency of Hotchkiss's privilege log produced under the Court's May 23, 2018, Scheduling Order; and (2) the completeness of Hotchkiss's production of documents produced under that same Scheduling Order. ECF No. 199.

         The parties were provided with an opportunity to file written submissions with the Court, and on July 24, 2018, the Court heard oral argument. ECF Nos. 200, 201, 205, 206, 208, 209, 215.

         “Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case . . . .” Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(1). Even after the 2015 amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, “[r]elevance is still to be construed broadly to encompass any matter that bears on, or that reasonably could lead to other matter that could bear on any party's claim or defense.” Bagley v. Yale Univ., No. 3:13-cv-1890 (CSH), 2015 WL 8750901, at *7 (D. Conn. Dec. 14, 2015) (citing State Farm Mut. Automobile Ins. Co. v. Fayda, No. 14-cv-9792, 2015 WL 7871037, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 12, 2015)). This Court has “wide latitude to determine the scope of discovery.” In Re Agent Orange Product Liability Litig., 517 F.3d 76, 103 (2d Cir. 2008); see also Mirra v. Jordan, No. 13-cv-5519, 2016 WL 889683, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 23, 2016) (“Motions to compel are left to the court's sound discretion.”).

         Under Second Circuit precedent, to invoke the attorney-client privilege, “a party must demonstrate that there was: (1) a communication between client and counsel, which (2) was intended to be and was in fact kept confidential, and (3) made for the purpose of obtaining or providing legal advice.” Musco Propane, LLP v. Town of Wolcott, No. 3:10-CV-1400 JCH, 2011 WL 6300235, at *1 (D. Conn. Dec. 15, 2011) (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting In re County of Erie, 473 F.3d 413, 419 (2d Cir. 2007)). “The work product doctrine protects the discovery of memoranda, correspondence, briefs, mental impressions and personal beliefs prepared in anticipation of litigation. Buck v. Indian Mountain Sch., No. 15 CV 123 (JBA), 2017 WL 421648, at *2 (D. Conn. Jan. 31, 2017) (citing Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495, ...

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