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Velasco v. Semple

United States District Court, D. Connecticut

August 28, 2019

SCOTT SEMPLE, et al., Defendants.



         Preliminary Statement

         Plaintiff, Victor J. Velasco (“Velasco”), currently confined at Northern Correctional Institution (“Northern”) in Somers, Connecticut, filed this action pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against 137 defendants asserting claims for violation of his rights under the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”), the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (“RLUIPA”, the Prison Rape Elimination Act (“PREA”), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”), the Prison Litigation Reform Act, and 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1982, 1985 and 1986.

         On July 10, 2019, the Court filed an Initial Review Order identifying several deficiencies in the Complaint and directed Velasco to file an Amended Complaint clearly identifying the claims he intends to pursue in this action. The Court directed Velasco to indicate which defendants are involved in each claim, describe the actions taken by each defendant, and when those actions occurred. The Court also advised Velasco that under the rules regarding joinder of defendants and claims, it appeared that most of the claims pled were misjoined with each other and would likely require severance if asserted in a single complaint. Doc. No. 11 at 10. In response, Velasco has filed a 71-page Amended Complaint, which includes over 400 paragraphs of factual allegations. He includes all the claims and defendants from the Complaint, and seeks to add a claim under Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971), against one defendant Velasco has determined is a federal agent.

         Standard of Review

         Under section 1915A of title 28 of the United States Code, the Court must review prisoner civil complaints and dismiss any portion of the complaint that is frivolous or malicious, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Id. In reviewing a pro se complaint, the Court must assume the truth of the allegations, and interpret them liberally to “raise the strongest arguments [they] suggest[].” Abbas v. Dixon, 480 F.3d 636, 639 (2d Cir. 2007). see also Tracy v. Freshwater, 623 F.3d 90, 101-02 (2d Cir. 2010) (discussing special rules of solicitude for pro se litigants). Although detailed allegations are not required, the complaint must include sufficient facts to afford the defendants fair notice of the claims and the grounds upon which they are based and to demonstrate a right to relief. Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007). Conclusory allegations are not sufficient. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). The plaintiff must plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570.


         Velasco's allegations span a period of eight years, from 2011 to the present, with a few references to his initial classification as a Security Risk Group (“SRG”) member in the 1990's.

         As indicated, he identifies 137 defendants of varying job descriptions, employers, and involvement in his past and current litigation, the conditions of his confinement and/or his medical treatment. The resulting Amended Complaint is lengthy and unwieldy.


         It is clear Velasco did not heed the court's admonition regarding the improper joinder of defendants and claims in a single complaint.

         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20 permits joinder of multiple defendants in one action only if “any right to relief is asserted against them jointly, severally, or in the alternative with respect to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions and occurrences, and any question of law or fact common to all defendants will arise in the action.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 20(a)(2). “What will constitute the same transaction or occurrence under the first prong of Rule 20(a) is approached on a case by case basis.” Kehr ex rel. Kehr v. Yamaha Motor Corp., U.S.A., 596 F.Supp.2d 821, 826 (S.D.N.Y. 20080 (citation omitted). As the Second Circuit has observed in the Rule 13 context, [1] whether a counterclaim arises out of the same transaction as the original claim depends upon the logical relationship between the claims and whether the “essential facts of the various claims are so logically connected that considerations of judicial economy and fairness dictate that all the issues be resolved in one lawsuit.” Harris v. Steinem, 571 F.2d 119, 123 (2d Cir. 1978).

         Velasco includes at least sixteen different claims in his Amended Complaint although there are likely more: an Eighth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to medical needs; an Eighth Amendment claim for unconstitutional conditions of confinement in the SRG Program; several First Amendment retaliation claims stemming from different incidents involving different defendants; an Eighth Amendment claim for denial of telephone access; multiple Fourteenth Amendment claims for false disciplinary reports arising from different incidents and involving different defendants; a First Amendment retaliation claim and an Eighth Amendment claim for threats against him because he reported sexual harassment; a claim of sexual harassment; theft of personal property; a First Amendment claims for denial of access to his legal materials and denial of legal mail; a Fourteenth Amendment claim for improper classification to the SRG Program; First Amendment claims regarding the free exercise of his religion; violation of his rights under the ADA; violation of his rights under RLUIPA; violation of the PREA; violation of his rights under HIPAA; lack of legal assistance from Inmates' Legal Aid Program; and the creation of a false transcript by a Judicial Branch court reporter.

         The claims arise from different occurrences, on different dates, spanning many years. Many of the named defendants are not alleged to have had any involvement in many of the claims. For example, the court reporter who allegedly created a false transcript had nothing to do with Velasco's conditions of confinement. The nurse treating Velasco during his hunger strike had nothing to do with the multiple disciplinary tickets which form the basis of some of his other claims. As there are no questions of law or fact common to all claims, the claims are improperly joined in this action in violation of Rule 20.[2]See Wilson v. ...

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